Coco coir makes for an eco-friendly growing medium for plants of all kinds. Whether you’re a beginner gardener or an avid horticulturist, this guide will help you discover the benefits of growing plants in coconut fiber, as well as tips for using coir as your growing medium.
What Is Coco Coir?
Coir is made from the fibers of the coconut husk, which is found inside the rigid, outer casing of coconut shells. If you crack open a coconut’s exterior shell, you’ll find a layer containing the coconut fibers. This durable and fibrous material makes up the basis of coir. It can be used in a variety of ways, including for gardening as well as in household products such as mattresses, brushes, and mats.
Benefits of Coco Coir
As coir is a natural and organic product, it is both environmentally friendly and renewable. Coir is not a seasonal product, so it can be harvested at any time and is widely available all year. Because coir has a neutral pH level, it provides the ideal growing conditions for vegetables and flowers that grow best in neutral soils.
Benefits of growing plants in coconut fiber include the material’s high ability to absorb and retain water, as well as its capacity to circulate air efficiently for the plant’s root system. Coir further benefits plant roots by draining excess water away from them. This prevents issues associated with overwatering.
Types of Coco Coir
You can choose from many varieties of coconut fiber with which to grow your plants. You can use a finely ground version of coco coir, longer coconut fibers, or coco coir chips as your growing medium. Coir might come in bags or tightly packed bricks that you’ll need to separate and soak before use. Each kind of coco coir has its own benefits and drawbacks, so it’s important to analyze your growing space and decide which type of coco coir works best for your environment and planting conditions.
If you’re using coco coir as a growing medium for indoor or outdoor potted plants, you can use it by itself or mix it with other types of potting soil or perlite. Make sure to fill the pot loosely with coir, place your desired plants within it properly, and water frequently. Over time, the coir will degrade and can be recycled as mulch.
If you’re using coir in a hydroponic system, make sure you’re using coir that is specifically designed for hydroponic systems. You’ll need to rinse the coir before use and break apart any clumps with your hands, so it is loose when you’re ready for planting. When using coir in these growing systems, you might need to also apply a specific coir fertilizer to ensure your plants receive all the nutrients they need.
With this knowledge about coir’s advantages, as well as tips for growing plants in coconut fiber, you set to begin working with coir. Try growing your plants in coconut fiber to observe their transformation as they thrive season after season.